sugar glider with joey in pouchSugar gliders reach sexual maturity at different ages. Usually the males reach sexual maturity at 4 to 12 months of age, while females reach sexual maturity at about 5 to 12 months. It is preferred that they don’t actually breed until they are about 8 months old. In the wild, sugar gliders breed once or twice a year depending on the climate and habitat conditions, while they can breed multiple times a year in captivity as a result of consistent living conditions and proper diet. They typically have 1-2 babies called joeys at a time. bifuricated penisMales have a long bifurcated (split/forked) penis which can access both of the joey nursingfemale’s ovaries at the same time so they can get pregnant even if they already have joeys. Females have a pouch that the joeys go into after they are born. The gestation (pregnancy) period is about 15 days then the female licks a trail that the joey (currently the size of a rice grain) follows to the pouch. The joeys stay in the pouch nursing for about 70 days then they are considered out of pouch when they are joeydisconnected from the nipple. Even though they are out of pouch, they still nurse until they can become independent about 8-10 weeks later. joey